Testicular cancer can occur at any age but tends to affect younger men between the ages of 15 and 49. There is a secondary peak in incidence after age 60. It accounts for just 1% of all cancers that occur in men.
Each year in the UK around 2,300 men are diagnosed with testicular cancer, according to Cancer Research UK. The number of cases of testicular cancer that are diagnosed each year in the UK has roughly doubled since the mid-1970s. Rates of testicular cancer are five times higher in white men than in black men.
Testicular cancers often produce hormones that can be measured in the blood. There are 3 different markers that testicular cancers can make
- AFP (alpha feta protein)
- HCG (human chorionic gonadotrophin)
- LDH (lactate dehydrogenase)
If you have abnormal levels of any of these markers in your blood, then you could have testicular cancer. But you could have a cancer without raised markers. Not all testicular cancers make these chemicals.
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